By using the number of murders in large cities (over 250k) combined with their population, we can determine the murder rate (per 100k residents) in those cities.
I realized that geography doesn’t give a great representation so I added a scatterplot below to show how the murder rates are clustered. Of course, murder rate alone doesn’t give the full picture of crime in a city, but I’m saving that for another post.
The FBI releases a yearly Crime in the US report which gives a breakdown of crimes for each city.
Murder rate is determined by murders per 100k residents.
- Offenses known to law enforcement (2016) - FBI.gov Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) database.
- Offenses known to law enforcement (2015) - FBI.gov (UCR)
- US States (Topojson) via Atlas-Make/us-states
- US Cities via Atlas-Make/us-cities
Map - US Cities by Murder Rate
Scatterplots - Murders over Population (2015 - 2016)
1) There seems to be an interesting correlation between violent crime rate and shrinking cities. If you look at past populations in Detroit, Baltimore, New Orleans, and St. Louis you’ll notice those cities have shrunk dramatically in the past 20-30 years. Hoping to dig more into that soon.
2) The FBI report, for the previous year, is released pretty late (September), so I want to have these charts handy for that time next year. 538 has also collected partial data for 2016
4) FBI also publishes a report on the weapons used in reported homicides, but that only seems to be available by state. This state data is also often reported as ‘Limited supplemental homicide data received.’ so the numbers can be completely incorrect. See example with Alabama